Book Series Mediterranean Nexus 1100-1700 , vol. 10

Crusading, Society, and Politics in the Eastern Mediterranean in the Age of King Peter I of Cyprus

Alexander Beihammer, Angel Nicolaou-Konnari (eds)

  • Pages: 588 p.
  • Size:156 x 234 mm
  • Illustrations:38 b/w
  • Language(s):English, French
  • Publication Year:2022


Pre-order*
  • € 115,00 EXCL. VAT RETAIL PRICE
  • ISBN: 978-2-503-59856-7
  • Hardback
  • Forthcoming (Oct/22)

Forthcoming
  • c. € 115,00 EXCL. VAT RETAIL PRICE


King Peter I of Lusignan of Cyprus, his crusading policy in the Eastern Mediterranean against the Turkish beyliks of Anatolia and the Mamluk sultanate of Egypt, and the Byzantine-Western European power politics.

BIO

Alexander Beihammer, Heiden Family Professor of Byzantine History, University of Notre Dame, has published widely on the relations between Byzantium and the Muslim World, the Seljuk Turks, and the transformation of Asia Minor.

Angel Nicoloau-Konnari is Associate Professor of the History of Hellenism under Latin Rule at the University of Cyprus. Her research focuses on various aspects of the history of Lusignan and Venetian Cyprus.

Summary

The King of Cyprus, Peter I of Lusignan (1359-1369), was one of the most fascinating figures in the history of the Latin East and the later crusades. He was involved in European power politics, his crusading activities brought him into conflict with the Turkish beyliks of Anatolia and the Mamluk sultanate of Egypt, and his rule was closely linked with broader developments in the Eastern Mediterranean, such as the decay of Byzantium, the East-West schism, and the beginning of the Ottoman expansion in the Balkans. His adventurous life constitutes a captivating case study of court life, feudal and chivalric ethos, and political culture in the fourteenth century. This volume investigates developments in the Eastern Mediterranean before and during the reign of Peter I from a comparative perspective. It consists of five parts, which treat the political, diplomatic, and ecological context of the crusading movement in the time between the fall of Acre (1291) and the sack of Alexandria (1365), Peter I’s crusading policy and the Alexandrian crusade, Cypriot society and court life in the time of Peter I, the situation in Muslim-Turkish Anatolia, the second target of King Peter’s crusading policy, and, finally, Byzantium, its encounter with the Turks, the schism of the Churches, and theological trends in the time of the Hesychast Controversy.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface
The Life and Reign of Peter I of Lusignan (1329–69, crowned 1359). Chronology
Angel Nicolaou-Konnari

Introduction
The Sources and the Context
1. Peter I of Lusignan (1324–69, 1359) in Historical Sources and Modern Popular Culture
Angel Nicolaou-Konnari
Appendix A: The Life and Reign of Peter I of Lusignan (1329–69, 1359) according to William of Machaut and Leontios Makhairas.
Angel Nicolaou-Konnari
Appendix B: (Tentative) Psychiatric Assessement of Peter I of Lusignan (1329–69, 1359).
Kakia Niκolaou
2. The Sack of Alexandria (1365), the Crusading Movement, and the Eastern Mediterranean in the First Half of the Fourteenth Century
Alexander D. Beihammer

Part I. From Acre to Alexandria – The Politics and Ecology of Crusading

1. Cyprus and the Crusades between the Fall of Acre and the Reign of Peter I
Mike Carr
2. Crete, 1357–67: A Stronghold for Venetian Diplomacy and Crusading in the Eastern Mediterranean
Charalampos Gasparis
3. A Climate for Crusading? Environmental Factors in the History of the Eastern Mediterranean during the Life and Reign of Peter I of Cyprus (1328–69)
Johannes Preiser-Kapeller
4. Angevin and Lusignan Visual Claims to the Crown of Jerusalem: Parallel Lives?
Michalis Olympios

Part II. Peter I’s Alexandrian Crusade (1365) – Event and Context

5. The Papacy and King Peter I of Cyprus
Peter Edbury and Chris Schabel
Appendix A: Pope Innocent VI’s Letters Concerning the Succession of King Peter I of Cyprus
Appendix B: Pope Urban V’s Letters Concerning King Peter I of Cyprus and the Crusade
Chris Schabel
6. The ‘Military Revolution’ and the Eastern Mediterranean in the Age of Peter 1 (1359–69)
John France
7. Peter I of Lusignan’s Crusade and the Reaction of the Mamluk Sultanate
Clément Onimus
8. ‘Le roy de Chippre de renon’: The Depiction of Peter I of Lusignan in French Literature
Angel Nicolaou-Konnari

Part III. A Crusader Kingdom – Cypriot Society before and after Peter I

9. Stability or Chaos? Power Élites in Lusignan Cyprus between the 1360s and 1390s
Miriam Salzmann
10. Le roi Pierre Ier et son conseil
Gilles Grivaud
11. The Suriani in Lusignan Cyprus until the Murder of Peter I (1369): Terminology, Legal Status, and the Curia Surianorum
Johannes Pahlitzsch

Part IV. The Rise of a New Power – Muslim-Turkish Anatolia

12. The Long Prose ‘Epic’ of Sarı Saltuk Dede (fl. circa 1260 to 1298) as a Source for Understanding the Style and Context of Crusading Warfare in the Late Thirteenth-Century Near and Middle East
Rhoads Murphey
13. ‘Wolves and Sheep drank and grazed together’: A Case Study on the Formation of the Anatolian Beyliks
Romain Thurin
14. Italian Vernaculars as Diplomatic Languages in the Medieval Levant
Daniele Baglioni

Part V. The Schismatic Ally – Byzantium between Islam and Unionism

15. Crusade, Civil Strife, and Byzantine-Turkish Coalitions in the Time of Emperor John VI Kantakouzenos (1341–54)
Alexander D. Beihammer
16. John V Palaeologus in Rome: Rethinking an Imperial Visit and Conversion
Sebastian Kolditz
17. Anti-Palamism, Unionism, and the ‘Crisis of Faith’ of the Fourteenth Century
Charles Yost
18. Cyprus in the Late Byzantine Theological Landscape: Some Preliminary Remarks
Alexis Torrance

Figures
Maps
Index of Names
List of Contributors