Book Series ARAXES, vol. 4

Between Near East and Eurasian Nomads

Representation of Local Elites in the Lori Berd Necropolis during the First Half of the First Millennium BC

Ruben Davtyan

  • Pages: approx. 480 p.
  • Size:216 x 280 mm
  • Illustrations:49 b/w, 79 col., 28 tables b/w., 2 maps b/w
  • Language(s):English
  • Publication Year:2024


Pre-order*
  • € 135,00 EXCL. VAT RETAIL PRICE
  • ISBN: 978-2-503-60803-7
  • Paperback
  • Forthcoming (Nov/24)

Forthcoming
  • € 135,00 EXCL. VAT RETAIL PRICE


As one of the richest and the most important necropolises of the South Caucasus, the publication of Lori Berd tombs gives us new insights into a series of aspects of ancient life including the burial rites, architecture of tombs, local hierarchy, interregional relations during the Iron Age.

BIO

Ruben Davtyan is a Near Eastern archaeologist. He studied History at Yerevan State University, Near Eastern Archaeology at Ludwig- Maximilian-University Munich and Architectural Conservation at The Technical University Berlin. The following book is based on his PhD thesis under Prof. Dr. F. Blocher and Prof. Dr. F. Bertemes’s supervision at Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg.

Summary

The site of Lori Berd, located in northern Armenia, is home to an extraordinary necropolis that once housed the dead of the local elite during a period that spanned from 2200 to 400 BC. Influenced both by Urartian conquests from the south and by invasions from the Eurasian nomadic tribes from the north, the people of this region buried their dead with prestigious artefacts, complex customs, and a particular reverence shown towards horses during the later stages of the Early and Middle Iron Ages (1000–550 BC). This volume offers a detailed account of the archaeological significance of the site, providing detailed accounts of thirty-one tombs, the majority of which have never before been comprehensively published, and seeking to set Lori Berd in its broader historical and material context. Through this approach, the book offers a comprehensive exploration of the Iron Age in the South Caucasus, unravelling the interconnected themes of wealth, power, and cultural expressions.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

List of Illustrations

Acknowledgements List of abbreviations

Chapter 1. Introduction
The aims of this work
The contemporary research framework
The actuality of the question
Methods

Chapter 2. The Necropolis of Lori Berd
Research History
State of Research
Description of Early and Middle Iron Age tombs
Evaluation of the tombs

Chapter 3. Vessels
Types of pottery
Metal vessels

Chapter 4. Weaponry and Tools
Swords
Daggers
Scabbards
Knives
Spears
Axes
Maceheads
Arrowheads
Bidents
Flesh hook
Armguards
Ferrules
Chisels
Helmet
Phaleras
Quiver pin
Reflections on weapons

Chapter 5. Jewellery and Art Objects
Idols
Bone plaques
Seals
Beads
Pendants
Rings
Clothing and its fittings
Silver torc
Temple ornaments
Band diadems
Assessment of results of geochemical analysis of gold and silver samples

Chapter 6. Varia
Tripod fittings
Sceptres
Toiletry items

Chapter 7. Horse Sacrifices and Horse-related Objects
Historical sources
Zooarchaeological investigations on horses
Horse bits
Belts
Horse torcs
Horse bridle fasteners
Horse adornments
Foot bandages
Visualization of horse-related objects on selected horses
Horse warriors and the notion of gender

Chapter 8. Assessment of Results of Wet Chemistry Analysis of Samples from Copper Objects
Samples and analysis
Chemical composition and element ratios
Lead isotope analysis

Chapter 9. Social Change and the Representation of Elites at Lori Berd
Lori Berd tombs grouping
Evidence of social inequality among the tombs
Chronology of tombs
Main aspects of representation in Lori Berd tombs

Chapter 10. Lori Berd in its Regional Context
The nature of foreign influences in Lori Berd
Lori Berd and Urartu
South Caucasus as imperial periphery of the Urartian state

Chapter 11. Main Results

Works Cited

Media
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