Book Series Outremer. Studies in the Crusades and the Latin East, vol. 4

Crusading on the Edge

Ideas and Practice of Crusading in Iberia and the Baltic Region, 1100-1500

Torben K Nielsen, Iben Fonnesberg Schmidt (eds)

  • Pages: 409 p.
  • Size:156 x 234 mm
  • Illustrations:25 b/w
  • Language(s):English
  • Publication Year:2016

  • ISBN: 978-2-503-54881-4
  • Hardback
  • Available
  • ISBN: 978-2-503-54990-3
  • E-book
  • Available


“(…) es un buen estudio para observar la diversa variedad espiritual y cultural que ofrecieron los ideales de Cruzada en su aplicación al modelo social; la aplicación en territorios tan alejados como Iberia y el Báltico; los componentes de la misma a lo largo de diferentes espacios temporales; y su vinculación a los eslabones culturales que confi guraron las estructuras de la Cristiandad europea medieval.” (Daniel González Palma, in Medievalia, 20/I, 2017, p. 309)

"An Sammelbänden über die Kreuzzüge mangelt es nicht, doch erschließt diese Publikation das Thema aus einer besonders interessanten, komparatistischen Perspektive." (Georg Strack, in Francia recensio 2017, 4, DOI: 10.11588/frrec.2017.4.43428)

« Il pourra en tout cas plaire au médiéviste souhaitant découvrir l’un ou l’autre des espaces traités, et permettra au lecteur non germanophone de dépasser le cadre des ouvrages de vulgarisation (W. Urban, E. Christiansen) qui demeurent encore l’ossature de la bibliographie en langue anglaise. (Nicolas Bourgeois, dans Le Moyen Âge, 3-4, 2017, p. 661-662)

"(...) the author’s thoughts and insights indicate that many questions remain unanswered regarding the problems of the Crusades in the edges of Christian Europe in the Middle Ages. We can only congratulate the authors’ contributions to solving the issues." (Marius Ščavinskas, in Journal of East Central European Studies 3/2018, p. 403)


Torben Kjersgaard Nielsen is Associate Professor in Medieval History at Aalborg University, Denmark. His main research interests cover the history of the Baltic Crusades, the medieval papacy, and Denmark in the Middle Ages.

Iben Fonnesberg-Schmidt is Professor (MSO) of Medieval History at Aalborg University, Denmark. Her research interests focus on papal communication and papal involvement in mission and crusades in the central Middle Ages.


This volume brings together contributions from fifteen historians and art historians working on the history of the crusades, focusing on Iberia and the Baltic region. The subjects treated include the historiography of the Iberian and Baltic crusades; the transfer of crusading ideas from the Holy Land to Iberia and the Baltic region and the use of such ideas in local rhetoric and propaganda; the papal attitudes towards the Iberian and Baltic campaigns; the papal attitudes towards Muslims living in Christian Spain; the interaction between conquered and conquerors as reflected in art and architecture; and the exchange of information about the crusades in Iberia and the wider Baltic Region. The collection thus throws further light not only onto events in the Iberian Peninsula and the Baltic region but also onto the development of the crusade movement in general. It constitutes a valuable resource for both undergraduates and postgraduates studying the crusade movement in the Middle Ages.



Torben Kjersgaard Nielsen and Iben Fonnesberg-Schmidt
Ideas and Practice of Crusading in Iberia and the Baltic Region, 1100–1500

I. The Historiography of the Crusades in the Holy Land, the Baltic Region and Iberia

Jonathan Riley-Smith
Some Modern Approaches to the History of the Crusades

Anti Selart
Historical Legitimacy and Crusade in Livonia

Luis García-Guijarro Ramos
Reconquista and Crusade in the Central Middle Ages. A Conceptual and Historiographical Survey

II. The Papacy and Crusade and Conversion in Iberia and the Baltic Region

Damian J. Smith
The Papacy and Spain at the Time of the Almohads

Barbara Bombi
Innocent III and the Baltic Crusade after the Conquest of Constantinople

Alan Forey
The Papacy and Muslims Residing in Christian Spain, c. 1050–1300

III. Crusading Ideology, Terminology and Rhetoric in the Iberian and Baltic Lands

Kurt Villads Jensen
Crusading at the End of the World. The Spread of the Idea of Jerusalem after 1099 to the Baltic Sea Area and to the Iberian Peninsula

Luís Adão da Fonseca
The Idea of Crusade in Medieval Portugal. Political Aims and Ideological Framing

Alan V. Murray
Heathens, Devils and Saracens. Crusader Concepts of the Pagan Enemy during the Baltic Crusades (Twelfth to Fifteenth Centuries)

Darius von Güttner-Sporzyński
Holy War and Proto-Crusading. Twelfth-Century Justifications for the Campaigns against the Pomeranians and Prussians

Nicholas L. Paul
The Fruits of Penitence and the Laurel of the Cross. The Poetics of Crusade and Conquest in the Memorials of Santa Maria de Ripoll

Manuel Rojas Gabriel
On the Path of Battle. Divine Invocations and Religious Liturgies before Pitched Battles in Medieval Iberia (c. 1212–c. 1340). An Introduction

IV. Interaction and Exchange of Ideas and Information in Iberia and the wider Baltic Region

Jerrilynn D. Dodds
Artistic Ambivalence in the Age of Iberian Crusades

Kersti Markus
The Church on the Borderland. The Impact of Crusading on the Architecture of Gotland and Livonia

Marek Tamm
The Livonian Crusade in Cistercian Stories of the Early Thirteenth Century