Book Series Acta Scandinavica , vol. 3

New Approaches to Early Law in Scandinavia

Stefan Brink, Lisa Collinson (eds)

  • Pages: 208 p.
  • Size:156 x 234 mm
  • Illustrations:1 b/w
  • Language(s):English
  • Publication Year:2014

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  • ISBN: 978-2-503-54754-1
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New approaches regarding the internal growth and external influence of law in medieval Scandinavia.

Summary

During recent years, there has been a revival of interest in the early laws of Scandinavia. In this volume several aspects of this field are presented and discussed. The collection begins by exploring the introduction and development of the næfnd in medieval Denmark, a kind of ‘jury’ which replaced the ordeal. The focus then moves to Sweden and Norway, with an analysis of the Hälsingelagen, and a comparison of the kristindómsbálkr (‘Ecclesiastical Law Section’) of the town law of Trondheim (Niðaróss Bjarkeyjarréttr) with the provincial law of medieval Trøndelag, Frostuþingslög. A further article explores how violence and homicide involving laymen and clerics was handled in late medieval Norway, drawing on the recent discovery of register protocols of the Penitentiary at the Papal Curia. The documentary aspects of law are examined through an analysis of the Äldre and Yngre Västgötalagen from existing manuscripts, in an attempt to discover the source of the initiative to write the laws down. A further study explores several words for ‘outlawry’ in Old Scandinavian languages.

This volume also provides a general theory of legal culture to show how the introduction of three new elements into Norwegian legal culture (norm-producing, large-scale lawmaking; conflict-resolving juries; equity as idea of justice) led to a major change in legal culture in medieval Norway. Finally, the book looks at the development of penal law in Denmark in the Middle Ages, attempting to explain that development in the light of both domestic conditions and foreign influence, especially from Sweden and Germany.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction — STEFAN BRINK and LISA COLLINSON

‘The Truth must always be Stronger’:The Introduction and Development of Nafnd in the Danish Provincial Laws — PER ANDERSEN

The Hälsinge Law between South and West,King and Church, and Local Customs — STEFAN BRINK

Town Law versus County Law: On the Kristindómsbálkr (Church Law) of Ni.aróss Bjarkeyjarréttr and Frostuingslög — JAN RAGNAR HAGLAND

Civil and Clerical Homicide in Late Medieval Norway — TORSTEIN JØRGENSEN

The Land, Men, and Law of Västergötland — THOMAS LINDKVIST

Outlawry: From Western Norway to England — ANNE IRENE RIISØY

Daughters of God and Counsellors of the Judges of Men: Changes in the Legal Culture of the Norwegian Realm in the High Middle Ages — JØRN ØYREHAG EN SUNDE

Danish Penal Law in the Middle Ages: Cases of Homicide and Wounding — HELLE VOGT

Index