Book Series Art History (Outside a Series)

Garden Transmissions

Word, Image, Experience, Future

Cristina Castel-Branco (ed)

  • Pages: approx. 260 p.
  • Size:216 x 280 mm
  • Illustrations:40 b/w, 150 col., 3 tables b/w., 7 maps b/w
  • Language(s):English
  • Publication Year:2023

  • ISBN: 978-2-503-60585-2
  • Hardback
  • Available

This book examines the ways in which the exchange of garden forms, designs, technologies, and styles created a continuum of knowledge transfer, resulting in the creation of a global garden culture as a mode of mediation between humans and nature.


"This is a fascinating book from start to finish. The book provides almost all of the presentations from the Conference on Garden Transmissions. This enables the reader to see and feel the depth of research, enquiry and passion for the way that the conservation and management of garden expertise, design ideas and techniques have been shared and ‘Transmitted’ through history; and perhaps a glimpse of the future." (Fiona Baker, Parks & Gardens, UK: Book Review,


Cristina Castel-Branco is a practicing landscape architect and professor of landscape architecture at the University of Lisbon. As a Fulbright–ITT Fellow, she received an MLA from the University of Massachusetts followed by a PhD with a focus on garden history. She has published widely on landscape architecture and history, restoration, and ecological design. She has served as President of the Board and founder of the Historic Gardens Association, the Botanical Garden of Ajuda, and is a unesco-icomos Cultural Landscapes Advisor. Since 1990, she has run the ACB Studio, a prize-winning professional practice in Lisbon. She was named an Officier des Arts et des Lettres by the French government in 2015 and received the Japanese Praise of Merit in 2020.


GARDEN TRANSMISSIONS: WORD, IMAGE, EXPERIENCE, FUTURE examines the ways in which the exchange of garden forms, designs, technologies, and styles created a global garden culture at the intersection of nature and cultural expression from the early modern age to the present. Europe, at the center of this global exchange, drew inspiration from Islamic and Chinese garden traditions and benefitted from the traffic of botanical novelties from the Americas. In turn, European models were successfully exported to other parts of the world and adapted to other landscapes, environments, and climates. The appropriation of new design ideas, methods, and trends resulted in new garden types and invigorated earlier approaches to horticulture. These garden transmissions—effected through the exchange of writing and images as well as direct contact between cultures—provided the tools for fruitful cross-pollination of knowledge and skills as a mode of mediation between humans and nature.


Preface Didier Wirth
Introduction: Cristina Castel-Branco
Key note speaker
Marc Treib, University of California, Berkeley, Transmissions: Word, Image, Experience


The Western Culture

Ana Kučan, University of Ljubljana, In the Looking Glass: compositional principles of major styles at a margins of the Habsburg Monarchy
Nathalie de Harlez, Haute École Charlemagne, The influence of the Grand Tour and travels on the programs of the first English gardens in the Low Countries
Emmanuel Ducamp, Association Paris-Saint-Peterbourg, From Western Europe to Imperial Russia: a fair and fruitful transmission in garden design
Ada Segre, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Vehicles of Transmission for Garden Model Plans: an Overview (fifteenth–seventeenth centuries)

From East to Europe

David Jacques, University of London, Did the Chinese give Europe the English garden?
Cristina Castel-Branco, University of Lisbon, Garden Transmissions from India to Portugal. Adopting and Adapting
Anatole Tchikine, Dumbarton Oaks, Migrating forms: Italian fountains in Spain and Portugal

From Europe to the West

Therese O’Malley, National Gallery of Art, A Vast and Howling Wilderness” (Deuteronomy 32:10): Wilderness gardens and early American environmentalism
Marco Martella, Jardins, The Italian garden revival at the beginning of twentieth century through the eyes of American and English writers 
Monica Luengo, ICOMOS-IFLA, Nature in the city. Hispanic Alamedas: El Paseo del Prado in Madrid


Education Transmissions 

Teresa Andresen and Ana Catarina Antunes, University of Porto, Transmissions through landscape architecture education from Germany to Portugal
Iris Lauterbach, Zentralinstitut für Kunstgeschichte, Transmission of Knowledge in the Early Modern Period: On the Traces of travelling German Court Gardeners
Luigi Latini, IUAV, The International Carlo Scarpa Garden Prize, 1990-2020: thirty years of research of an Italian centre for landscape studies

Design Transmissions

Fernando Caruncho, Caruncho Garden & Architecture, Garden and Truth
Thorbjörn Andersson, Sweco Architects, From Linnaeus to Greta João Nunes, PROAP, Cultural Transmissions in Landscape Architecture

Future Transmissions

Dirk Sijmons, H+N+S Landscape architects, The Anthropocene: gardening the critical zone

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