Book Series New Communities of Interpretation , vol. 2

Religious Practices and Everyday Life in the Long Fifteenth Century (1350–1570)

Interpreting Changes and Changes of Interpretation

Ian Johnson, Ana Maria Rodrigues (eds)

  • Pages: 418 p.
  • Size:156 x 234 mm
  • Illustrations:25 b/w, 2 tables b/w., 2 maps b/w
  • Language(s):English
  • Publication Year:2022

  • € 110,00 EXCL. VAT RETAIL PRICE
  • ISBN: 978-2-503-59355-5
  • Hardback
  • Available
  • € 110,00 EXCL. VAT RETAIL PRICE
  • ISBN: 978-2-503-59356-2
  • E-book
  • Available


Explores change in religious practices in the ‘long fifteenth century’.

BIO

Ian Johnson is Professor of Medieval Literature and Head of the School of English at the University of St Andrews. He was Co-Director of the Queen’s Belfast-St Andrews AHRC-funded project Geographies of Orthodoxy: Mapping English Pseudo-Bonaventuran Lives of Christ, 1350-1550 (2007-11). With Alastair Minnis he edited The Cambridge History of Literary Criticism: Volume II. The Middle Ages (2005). He is founding General Editor of The Mediaeval Journal (Brepols) and was for many years General Editor of Forum for Modern Language Studies (OUP). His latest books are The Middle English Life of Christ: Academic Discourse, Translation and Vernacular Theology (Brepols, 2013); The Pseudo-Bonaventuran Lives of Christ: Exploring the Middle English Tradition, edited with Allan Westphall (Brepols, 2013); The Impact of Latin Culture on Medieval and Early Modern Scottish Writing, edited with Alessandra Petrina (Medieval Institute Publications, 2018), and Geoffrey Chaucer in Context (CUP, 2019). He was a Working Group Coordinator and Management Committee member of the COST Action New Communities of Interpretation: Contexts, Strategies and Processes of Religious Transformation in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe (2013-17).

Ana Maria S. A. Rodrigues (MA Sorbonne; PhD University of Minho) is Associate Professor at the University of Lisbon. Previously, she lectured at the University of Minho. She has written extensively on economic and religious history. Her most recent publications concern medieval monarchy and gender: A. M. S. A. Rodrigues, M. S. Silva, and J. Spangler (eds), Dynastic Change: Legitimacy and Gender in Medieval and Early Modern Monarchy (London/New York, Routledge, 2019}; ‘The Crown, the Court and Monastic Reform in Medieval Portugal: A Gendered Approach’, in Queens, Princesses and Mendicants: Close Relations in a European Perspective, edited by N. Jaspert and I. Just (Zurich: Lit Verlag, 2019), pp. 53-63; ‘Spirituality and Religious Sponsorship in the 15th-century Portugese Crown: Kings, Queens and Infantes’, in Women’s Networks of Spiritual Promotion in the Peninsular Kingdoms (13th-16th Centuries), edited by B. Gari (Barcelona/Roma: IRCVM/Viella, 2013), pp. 205-20.

Summary

The essays in this book bring to light and analyse the continuities and shifts in daily religious practices across Europe — from Portugal to Hungary and from Italy to the British Isles — in the transition from the Middle Ages to the early modern period. While some of these changes, such as the increasing use of rosaries and the resort to Ars Moriendi, were the consequence of the rise of a more personal and interiorized faith, other changes had different causes. These included the spreading of the Reformation over Europe, the expulsion or compulsory conversion of the Jews in the Iberian Peninsula, and the conquest of large portions of eastern Christianity by the Turks — all of which forced people, who suddenly found that they had become religious minorities, to adopt new ways of living and new strategies for expressing their religiosity.

By recovering and analysing the cultural dynamics and connections between religious power, knowledge, culture, and practices, this collection reconsiders and enriches our understanding of one of the most critical phases of Europe’s cultural history. At the same time, it challenges existing narratives of the development of (early) modern identities that still, all too often, dominate the self-understanding of contemporary European society.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction

Interpreting Changes in Daily Religious Practice and Changes of Interpretation in the ‘Long Fifteenth Century’ — IAN JOHNSON AND ANA MARIA S. A. RODRIGUES

Religious Practices and Everyday Life: The Monastic Experience

Religious Practices of the Canons Regular of St Augustine in the Czech Lands: The Statutes of Roudnice — ADÉLA EBERSONOVÁ

The Devotional Book in Context and Use: Catalan Poor Clares and English Birgittines: Spaces, Performance, and Memory — BLANCA GARÍ, NÚRIA JORNET-BENITO, AND DAVID CARRILLO-RANGEL

Literacy, Books, and the Community: Textual Evidence from a Portuguese Dominican Nunnery — GILBERTO CORALEJO MOITEIRO

Religious Practices and Everyday Life: The Laity

Change and Continuity in Lay Devotion as Evidenced by Prayer Beads in Medieval Poland and Central Europe — MONIKA SACZYŃSKA-VERCAMER

A Daily Devotion of the Long Fifteenth Century: Italian Literature on the Rosary — ERMINIA ARDISSINO

The Prayer Book of George of Poděbrady and Books of Private Devotion in Post-Hussite Bohemia — JAN DIENSTBIER

The ‘Goostly Chaffare’ of Reginald Pecock: Everyday Craft, Commerce, and Custom Meet Syllogistic Polemic in Fifteenth-Century London — IAN JOHNSON

The Reformation and the First Book in the Lithuanian Language — DALIA MARIJA STANČIENE

Preparing for Death and the Afterlife

‘The Kingdom of Heaven cannot be denied to you justly because you have fought correctly’: Tracing the Evolution of Ars moriendi Literature in the Fifteenth Century — JOOST ROBBE

Caxton and the Reception of the Artes moriendi — DELPHINE MERCUZOT

Death Multiplied: The Legend of the Three Living and the Three Dead in Bohemian Art in the Context of Late Medieval Religious Practice — DANIELA RYWIKOVÁ

De praeparatione ad mortem: The Dying and Death of Charles V (1500–1558) — NIKOLA SAMARDŽIĆ

Continuity and Change in Religious Practices: Christianity and Islam

The Phenomenon of Crypto-Christianity in the Balkans during the Sixteenth Century — VLADIMIR ABRAMOVIĆ AND HARIS DAJČ

Traditions and Transitions: Examples of Parallel Practices in a Sixteenth-Century Central European Region — MARCELL SEBŐK

Continuity and Discontinuity in Everyday Religious Life in Southern Hungary before 1526 in the Light of Supplications to the Holy See — MELINA ROKAI

Conclusion

Books and Objects Supporting Quotidian Devotion: Conclusions and Prospects for Investigating Daily Religious Practices during the ‘Long Fifteenth Century’ — GÉRALDINE VEYSSEYRE

***

Index