Book Series Outremer. Studies in the Crusades and the Latin East, vol. 8

Crusading Europe

Essays in Honour of Christopher Tyerman

G.E.M. Lippiatt, Jessalynn Bird (eds)

  • Pages: xiv + 344 p.
  • Size:156 x 234 mm
  • Illustrations:4 tables b/w.
  • Language(s):English
  • Publication Year:2019

  • ISBN: 978-2-503-57996-2
  • Hardback
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  • ISBN: 978-2-503-57997-9
  • E-book
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A volume of essays exploring the European motivations, practicalities, and legacies of the crusades with essays by leading medieval historians evaluating and extending the life-long work of Christopher Tyerman, who has emphasized the study of the influence of crusading on all aspects of life in medieval and early modern Europe.


“The topics discussed above undoubtedly enrich the existing research on the phenomenon of the crusades, and make us contemplate the process of the historiography around them, the role of the various narratives of the crusade in the medieval chronicles and crusaders poems, the role of the separate social groups within this movement etc. The general perception of the crusades also enables us to delve deeper into the role they played in the Baltic region as well, a subject that has often been overlooked by researchers, thus leading to a perception of the crusades in the Baltic as merely a peripheral part of the crusade to Levant.” (Marius Ščavinskas, in Zeitschrift für Ostmitteleuropa-Forschung, 69/2, 2020 p. 259)

“Overall, the essays contained in this collection are (…) of a very high standard, opening up new avenues for research, broaching new questions, or reinterpreting the existing evidence. As such Crusading Europe very much serves its overarching purpose of honouring the work of a scholar who has made such active and valuable contributions to this field.” (Nicholas Morton, in Al-Masaq Vol XXXIII.3, 2021, p. 358)


G. E. M. Lippiatt is a Leverhulme Early Career Fellow at the University of East Anglia. He has published a monograph on Simon of Montfort and studies baronial government in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, particularly in connexion with the crusades and Christian reform.

Jessalynn L. Bird is an Assistant Professor in Humanistic Studies at Saint Mary’s College, Notre Dame, IN. She has co-authored a sourcebook for the crusades with Edward Peters and the late James Powell and has written numerous articles on the activities of members of Peter the Chanter’s circle.


The image of the crusades often connotes exoticism and foreign adventuring. However, the underlying motivations, daily practicalities, and lasting impact of the crusades on their European birthplace are equally important. How did European anxieties, prejudices, and priorities propel the crusading movement? How did crusaders understand and manage the particularly European geographical, legal, and financial dimensions of their campaigns? How did the crusades mark medieval European architecture, spirituality, and literature? This volume not only engages these provocative questions but also serves as a monument to the career of Christopher Tyerman, who has done so much to integrate European and global crusading history. The collection of essays gathered here by leading crusade historians, Tyerman’s friends and former students, furthers study of the crusades within their European context, highlighting intriguing new directions for teaching and researching the crusades and their impact.


‘Introduction’, by G.E.M. Lippiatt and Jessalynn Bird

‘CJT: An Appreciation’, by Toby Barnard (Hertford College, University of Oxford)

Crusading Attitudes

‘Cutting the Gordian Knot: Urban II and the Council of Clermont’, by John France (Swansea University)
‘The Foreskins of Christ and Antichrist: Latin Christian Interpretations of Circumcision during the Crusades’, by Kevin J. Lewis (Independent Scholar)
‘Conrad versus Saladin: The Siege of Tyre, November-December 1187’, by Peter Edbury (Cardiff University)
‘Worse than All the Infidels: The Albigensian Crusade and the Continuing Call of the East’, by G.E.M. Lippiatt (University of East Anglia)

Crusading Realities

‘The Hinge of the Mediterranean: Hafsif Ifriqiya and Louis IX’s Crusade to Tunis in 1270’, by Guy Perry (St Peter’s College, University of Oxford)
‘How to Implement a Crusade Plan: Saint-Victor and Saint-Jean-des-Vignes of Soissons and the Defense of Crusaders’ Rights’, by Jessalynn Bird (St Mary’s College)
‘The Templars’ Estates in England and Wales in the Light of the Surveys and Accounts (1308-1313) preserved in the National Archives of the United Kingdom’, by Helen Nicholson (Cardiff University)
‘Opus Caritativum: Crowdfunding the Later Crusades - The English Evidence’, by Timothy Guard (Rugby School)

Crusading Legacies

‘Dante’s Crusading Ancestor and the Authority of a Sacred Poem (1147-1321)’, by Edward Peters (University of Pennsylvania)
‘Pirenne, Muhammad, and Bohemond: Before Orientalism’, Mark Whittow (Corpus Christi College, University of Oxford)
‘"Corruent nobiles!": Prophecy and Parody in Burton Abbey's Flying Circus’, by Nicholas Vincent (University of East Anglia)

Bibliography of Christopher Tyerman