Book Series Rural History in Europe , vol. 3

Agrosystems and Labour Relations in European Rural Societies

(Middle Ages-Twentieth Century)

Erich Landsteiner, Ernst Langthaler (eds)

  • Pages: 218 p.
  • Size:156 x 234 mm
  • Language(s):English
  • Publication Year:2010

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  • ISBN: 978-2-503-52954-7
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  • ISBN: 978-2-503-54019-1
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Review(s)

"(...) no me cabe duda de que recorrer este volumen enriquece, no sólo por el acopio de información concreta que uno puede obtener, sino también por las novedosas metodologías y modelos que puede encontrar (...)" (José-Miguel Lana, in: Historia Agraria, 58, Diciembre 2012, p. 199-203)

Summary

It goes without saying that agriculture is a form of colonisation of nature by society. In the course of history the articulation of natural and societal features gave rise to a wide variety of agrosystems within the boundaries of Europe which were embedded in supra-regional political and economic contexts at least from the High Middle Ages onwards. By following an integrative approach, this volume defines agrosystems as production systems based on the ecological and socioeconomic relations involved in the reproduction of rural societies at multiple levels. The authors explore the articulation of natural and societal factors through the prism of labour relations. The structural and practical organization of labour is seen as the crucial link between rural production and reproduction. Accordingly, the contributions focus on the rural household as the basic unit of production and reproduction in different temporal and spatial contexts. Therefore, the question arises if the changes in ecosystems and social systems have so fundamentally altered European agriculture up to now that peasant family farming will disappear (if it is no longer sustained by state intervention).

 

Erich Landsteiner teaches economic and social history at the University of Vienna. His research interests cover European Economic History (15th-18th centuries), Agrarian History, Early Modern Trade and Finance.

Ernst Langthaler is senior researcher at the Institute of Rural History in St. Pölten. His research interests cover farming styles, agrosystems and food regimes in nineteenth and twentieth century Europe.