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I. Lampurlanés Farré
Excerptum de Talmud
Study and Edition of a Thirteenth-Century Latin Translation

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302 p., 3 Stemmas, 44 b/w tables, 156 x 234 mm, 2020
ISBN: 978-2-503-58690-8
Languages: English, Latin
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Edition and study of a Latin translation of the Talmud from the thirteenth century.

In 1239 the Christian convert Nicholas Donin submitted thirty-five articles to Pope Gregory IX that decried the indecency, blasphemy, and heresy in the Talmud. As a result, the pope triggered a campaign across Europe that gave rise to a trial of the Talmud in Paris in 1240. The Latin translation of the Talmud — namely, the 1245 Extractiones de Talmud and later versions such as the Excerptum de Talmud — emerged from these events.

This volume offers the first critical edition, along with an English translation, of the Excerptum de Talmud. Drawing on the substantial translation of the Babylonian Talmud known as the Extractiones de Talmud (Paris, 1245), the Excerptum provided a selection of passages from the Talmud which its compiler organized according to controversial topics.

This book consists of two principal parts. The first contains a study of the Excerptum, its textual source (the Extractiones de Talmud), and an overview of the historical background which prompted this translation. The second part consists of an edition and translation of the text, as well as an edition of the passages from the Extractiones which served as the basis for the Excerptum.

These texts mark a significant chapter in Christian anti-Jewish disputations and Latin polemical works in the Middle Ages. This volume will thus prove useful to scholars interested in Latin philology, religious disputation, medieval translation and transmission of knowledge, and the history of Christian-Jewish relations.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements

Introduction

Part I: Study of the Excerptum de Talmud

Chapter One: The Paris Trial of 1240: How it unfolded

  • 1.1. Before Paris: The earliest references to the Talmud in Christian polemical literature
  • 1.2. The thirteenth century: the Christian and Jewish milieux in France
  • 1.3. Nicholas Donin: The thirty-five articles against the Talmud
  • 1.4. The Disputation
  • 1.4.1. The Hebrew report
  • 1.4.2. The Latin report
  • 1.5. Concluding remarks

Chapter Two: Extractiones de Talmud

  • 2.1. After the Trial: The review of the Trial concerning the Talmud
  • 2.2. The translation process
  • 2.3. The manuscripts and the two versions
  • 2.3.1. The sequential Extractiones
  • 2.3.2. The thematic Extractiones
  • 2.3.2.1. The prologue to the thematic Extractiones
  • 2.3.2.2. The chapters of the thematic Extractiones
  • 2.4. The translation and the translators thereof
  • 2.5. In summary

Chapter Three: The Excerptum de Talmud

  • 3.1. The transmission of the Extractiones de Talmud
  • 3.2. The manuscripts of the Excerptum and its stemma codicum
  • 3.3. The source of the Excerptum: the thematic Extractiones
  • 3.4. The content of the Excerptum de Talmud
  • 3.5. The authorship and date of the Excerptum de Talmud
  • 3.6. Notes in summary

Conclusion

Bibliography

Part II: Critical edition: Excerptum de Talmud

Editorʼs preface

Excerptum de Talmud

: The Text
  • i. De auctoritate Talmud
  • ii. De magistris Talmud
  • iii. Blasphemiae contra Christum
  • iv. Blasphemiae contra Deum, creatorem omnium
  • v. Contra christianos et ecclesiam Dei
  • vi. Oratio contra christianos
  • vii. De stultitiis et execratione iudaeorum
  • viii. De sortilegiis iudaeorum et de infidelitate ipsorum
  • ix. Fictio iudaeorum de futuro saeculo
  • x. De adventu Messiae
  • xi. De stultitiis iudaeorum
  • xii. De inmunditiis iudaeorum
  • xiii. De somniis seu visionibus nocturnis iudaeorum
  • xiv. De fabulis iudaeorum

Appendix: the thematic source

  • De auctoritate Talmud
  • De sapientibus et magistris Talmud
  • De blasphemiis contra Christum et beatam Virginem
  • De blasphemiis contra Deum
  • Contra christianos
  • De imprecationibus contra goym
  • Contra christianos
  • De erroribus
  • De sortilegiis
  • De somniis
  • De futuro saeculo et statu post mortem
  • De Messia
  • De stultitiis
  • De turpitudinibus et inmunditiis
  • De fabulis
  • Correspondences

Indices

  • Index locorum Talmud
  • Index locorum Sacrae Scripturae
  • Index locorum Libri de Krubot
  • Index locorum Articulorum Donin
  • Index locorum Anthologiae
  • Index glossarum Salomonis in Vetus Testamentum
  • Index aliarum fontium iudaicarum
  • Index magistrorum Talmud
  • Index verborum Hebraicorum
  • Index verborum Gallicorum
Interest Classification:
Religion (including History of Religion) & Theology
Christian Church : laity & heterodoxy
Faith and dogmatic issues
Christian Theology & Theologians
Scholastic (c. 1200-1500)
Judaism
Classics, Ancient History, Oriental Studies
Ancient history & archaeology: Africa & Asia
Mesopotamia & Iranian plateau (Middle East)
Non Indo-European langs & lits
Semitic langs & lits
Medieval & Renaissance History (c.400-1500)
Medieval European history (400-1500) : main subdisciplines
Religious history
Medieval European history (400-1500) : local & regional history
France

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