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V. Casella, M. F. Petraccia
The Roman Senate as arbiter during the Second Century BC
Two Exemplary Case Studies: the Cippus Abellanus and the Polcevera Tablet

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256 p., 11 b/w ill., 1 b/w tables, 155 x 240 mm, 2019
ISBN: 978-2-503-58688-5
Languages: English, Latin, Italian
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Online content: https://www.brepolsonline.net/action/showBook?doi=10.1484/M.GIFBIB-EB.5.118901

An in-depth sociocultural analysis of Roman senatorial arbitration as a political mediation tool in the second century BC

In the wider context of the border conflicts that involve Rome as a third authority super partes, for which there is evidence already in the second century BC, two epigraphic documents stand out for the peculiarities distinguishing them from all others: the so-called Polcevera Tablet (concerning a dispute between Genuates and Viturii Langenses) and the Cippus Abellanus (related to a border dispute between Nolani and Abellani and written in Oscan). They make us aware of the political and municipal dynamics underlying the complex principle of Roman arbitration, often required to resolve territorial disputes, which were gradually evolving as Rome opened up to the East. What role did the Roman Senate play in such disputes? What exactly was the function of the referees sent by the City to settle the disputes with a super partes judgment? What was the importance of the agrarian reform of the Gracchi and the realisation of road axes in the acuity of such antagonisms? These are the questions to which this study tries to provide an answer.

Valentina Casella is Subject Expert and Teaching Assistant (Cultrice della Materia) in the field of Roman History at the University of Genova. - Maria Federica Petraccia is Professor of Ancient History at the same university.

Table of Contents

Illustrations
Preface
Introduction (Maria Federica Petraccia)

1. The Concept of 'International' Arbitration in the Roman World (Valentina Casella)
1.1. The anthropological and political value of intermediation procedures
1.2. The ius gentium and the concept of 'international' in the Roman world
1.3. Alternative dispute resolution methods in the classical world
1.4. Rome's assimilation and rejection of the Greek inter-poleis arbitration model
1.5. Private arbitration and archaic civil justice in Rome
1.6. Public arbitration and its 'international' vocation

2. Urban Areas and Territorial Disputes across the Italic Peninsula (Valentina Casella)
2.1. Roman intervention in Italy: similarities and differences with the approach used in the Greek world
2.2. The concept of boundary in the Roman world: juridical-religious and fiscal value
2.3. Pisae vs Luna (168 BC)
2.4. Ateste vs Patavium (141 BC) and Ateste vs Vicetia (135 BC)
2.5. Genua vs Viturii Langenses (117 BC)

3. The Impact of the Roman Road System on Border Disputes: Cisalpine Gaul (Valentina Casella)
3.1. Cisalpine Gaul between geographic imaginary and imperialist policies
3.2. Roman diplomacy in the Cisalpine region
3.3. Utilitas and libertas: a universal empire founded upon the city and upon mobility

4. The Role of the Roman Senate and its Function as arbiter within Border Disputes in the Italic Territory (Maria Federica Petraccia)

5. The Cippus Abellanus and the Dispute between Two Campanian Communities (Maria Federica Petraccia)

6. The Polcevera Tablet (Maria Federica Petraccia)

Appendix: The Ligurian Stretch of the Via Postumia. Reflections and Suggestions Arising from the Archaeological Evidence (Antonella Traverso)
1. Archaeological elements
2. Cartographic and toponymic data on the ancient road network of the Val Polcevera
3. Final considerations

Conclusions (Valentina Casella)

Bibliography
Index of Classical Sources
Geographical and Prosopographic Index

Review

“Die Lektüre des Bandes ist also trotz phasenweiser Wiederholungen in den einzelnen Kapiteln lohnend und sei daher empfohlen.” (Sven Günther, in H-Soz-Kult, 31/08/2020)

Interest Classification:
Classics, Ancient History, Oriental Studies

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