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H. M. Rhodes
The Crown and the Cross
Burgundy, France, and the Crusades, 1095–1223

approx. 256 p., 156 x 234 mm, 2020
ISBN: 978-2-503-58684-7
Languages: English, French
HardbackHardback
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The Crown and the Cross examines the heretofore-unstudied role of the French province of Burgundy in the ‘traditional’ era of the crusades, from 1095–c.1220. Covering the First, Second, Third, Fourth, and Albigensian Crusades in detail, it focuses primarily on the Capetian dukes, a cadet branch of the French royal family, but uncovers substantial lay participation and some crusading traditions among Burgundian noble families as well. The book additionally uses the crusading institution to explore the development of the medieval French monarchy, and makes accessible a corpus of scholarship and documents that until now have mostly existed in French or Latin. It concludes that while piety and religion did play a central role in the experience of many everyday Burgundian crusaders, the greater political ramifications of the crusading project functioned in subtle and long-lasting ways, and had consequences for the entire institution, not just Burgundy or France. Of interest to scholars of the crusades, French history, and the formation of medieval Europe, The Crown and the Cross nuances, challenges, and expands our understanding of the intellectual genealogy of the crusades and their real-world consequences, fills a critical gap in the historiography, and poses a set of important conclusions and questions for continued study.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Burgundy at the Dawn of the Crusades: Familial, Political, and Religious Histories
 Geography, Territory, and Polity: From Carolingians to Capetians, 843–1032
 Politics, Family, and Power in Burgundy, 1032–95
 Cluny and the Prehistory of the Crusades: 910–c.1050
 Battling the Muslims and Cluniac Reform: Burgundians in Iberia, 1063–87

Chapter 2: Considering Contrasts: Burgundian Participation on the First  Crusade, 1095–1101
 France and the First Crusade: Clermont, Recruitment, and Resistance
 Doing Christian Duty: Burgundian First Crusaders, 1096–99
 Making Amends: Burgundy Goes on Crusade, 1101
 Cluny and the Crown of France: Odo of Burgundy and the Crusade

Chapter 3: Transforming Traditions: The Burgundian Second Crusade, 1119–49
 Dukes, Counts, and Kings: Political Change and Context, 1102–45
 Canon Law and Crusader-Kings: Creating a New Political Paradigm
 The Folly of Christendom?: Participation and Penance in the Second Crusade

Chapter 4: Between King and Emperor: The Evolving Burgundies, 1146–87
 Power Struggles and Dynastic Development: The Dukes, 1143–65
 Burgundy and the Holy Land: Marriages and Expeditions, 1162–79
 Challenges to the Crown: France and Burgundy, 1180–87

Chapter 5: Intimate Enemies: Burgundy on the Third Crusade, 1187–92
• The Fall of Jerusalem and Initial Response, 1185–88
• Burgundy Prepares for the Crusade, 1188–90
• The Third Crusade, 1190–92

Chapter 6: The Early Thirteenth Century: Burgundy, France, and Rome,
1193–1223
• Marriages, Politics, and Papal Reprisals, 1193–1200
• The Fourth Crusade: From Cîteaux to Constantinople, 1200–04
• The Crown of France, the Cistercians, and the Albigensian Crusade, 1203–09
• Aftermath: Nation Building and Crusading Memory

Conclusion
Appendix: A List of Burgundian Crusaders
Note: In the finished version, each of these entries will be supplemented with bibliographical information, including expedition(s), dates, documents of appearance, family group, and any notes of relevance on their crusading career. I have included here only those (1) directly verifiable in primary source material and (2) with an origin in the territory/territories of Burgundy, though more are discussed in the work itself.

Dukes/Ducal Family
Florina of Burgundy *
Hugh III of Burgundy
Hugh IV of Burgundy
Odo I of Burgundy
Odo III of Burgundy

Counts/Comital Family
Frederick Barbarossa
Rainald II of Mâcon/Burgundy
Stephen I of Burgundy
Stephen II of Burgundy
William III of Mâcon


Bishops/Abbots
Bernard of Clairvaux (abt. Clairvaux)
Godfrey of La Roche (bp. Langres)
Haimo of Briancon (abp. Tarentaise)
Guy of Burgundy (abp. Vienne, pope Calixtus II)
Hugh of Burgundy (abp. Besançon)
Peter of Brizey (bp. Toul)
Peter the Venerable (abt. Cluny)
Thierry of Montfaucon (abp. Besançon)
Walter (bp. Autun)
William (bp. Montréal)
William (bp. Nevers)

Noblemen and Laymen
Achard of Montmerle
Aimar of Pesmes
Anseric II of Montréal
Anseric III of Montréal
Aswalo II of Seignelay
Bernard and Odo of Mâcon
Clarembaud of Noyers
Dalmase of Sercy
Gaucher of Joigny
Geoffrey II of Donzy
Gervase of Burgundy
Gilbert of Traves
Girard of Mercy
Guy of Pesmes
Guy of Thiers
Henry of Burgundy
Hervé III of Donzy
Hervé IV of Donzy
Hugh II of Coligny
Hugh of Berzé-la-Ville (father)
Hugh of Berzé-la-Ville (son)
Hugh of Toucy
Hugh V of Beaumont
Humbert III of Beaujeu
Itier I of Toucy
Itier II of Toucy
John of Arcis
Narjod of Toucy
Odo I of Champlitte
Odo II of Champlitte
Odo of Thoires
Oliver of Jussey
Peter of Courtenay (Nevers, Auxerre, Tonnerre)
Ponce of Bussières
Rainald of Grancey
Renaud of Tonnerre
Richard of Dampierre
Robert de Craon
Robert Wichard
Seguin de Voudenay
Simon of Clefmont
Simon of Semur
Stephen of Brive
Stephen of Faverney
Stephen of Neublans
Walon of Dampierre
Walter of Sombernon
Welf of Burgundy/Boulogne
William I of Joigny
William II of Nevers
William III of Nevers
William of Champlitte

Bibliography

Interest Classification:
Medieval & Renaissance History (c.400-1500)
Medieval European history (400-1500) : genres & specific topics
Crusades
Medieval European history (400-1500) : local & regional history
Low Countries
France

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