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M. Leyra Curiá
In Hebreo
The Victorine Commentaries on the Pentateuch and the Former Prophets in the Light of Its Northern-French Jewish Sources

approx. 350 p., 448 b/w tables, 160 x 245 mm, 2017
ISBN: 978-2-503-57542-1
Languages: English, Hebrew, Latin
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In the twentieth century a number of scholars pointed to parallels between the in hebreo or secundum hebreos interpretations in the commentaries of Hugh and Andrew of St. Victor and comments in Latin sources and in twelfth-century Jewish writers of the Northern-French school (Rashi, Joseph Qara, Rashbam, and Beckhor Shor). The scholars suggested various hypotheses on the Victorines' direct or indirect knowledge of the Hebrew text of the Bible and the identity of the Jews on whom the Victorines reportedly drew.

Montse Leyra’s book offers a systematic work of comparative analysis between the Victorines' in hebreo interpretations and their parallels in the Latin and Jewish sources, and between these interpretations and parallel biblical readings in the textual traditions of the Vetus Latina, the Vulgate, and the Hebrew Masoretic Text. 

In her analysis, Montse Leyra discusses parallels that have gone unnoticed by previous scholars, identifies which sources were a direct source for the Victorines and which were transmitted via later, intermediary sources, and determines whether the Victorines took up textual biblical variants coming from the Vetus Latina and the Septuagint as literal translations of the Hebrew Masoretic Text or they were transmitting the Masoretic text itself. Finally, by studying the parallels of content and exegetical method between the in hebreo interpretations of the Victorines and surviving interpretations of Rashi, Rashbam, Joseph Qarah, and Bekhor Shor, she ascertains whether we can actually identify and distinguish the exegetes of the Northern-French school whose works have been transmitted to us as direct sources of Hugh and Andrew from other Jewish exegetes of their time.
Montse Leyra Curiá has a BA in Semitics (Hebrew and Aramaic) and Classical Studies from the Complutense University of Madrid (Spain), and a MA in Hebrew Bible from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Israel), where she wrote her doctoral thesis, under the supervision of Professor Sara Japhet and the late Professor Michael Signer (University of Notre Dame, IN), on the Victorines’ references to the Hebrew text in their commentaries on the Pentateuch and Former Prophets in light of their Northern-French Jewish sources. She has been a visiting researcher at Notre Dame, IN and taught Classical and Medieval Latin at the University of Haifa (Israel) and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. She now teaches Latin and Hebrew at San Dámaso University in Madrid.
Interest Classification:
Religion (including History of Religion) & Theology
Christian Church : religious orders
Orders of canons regular
Christian Theology & Theologians
Early Medieval (c. 650-1200)
Judaism
Classics, Ancient History, Oriental Studies
Latin literature
Medieval Latin literature

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