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Corpus Christianorum
M. van der Meer
Glosae in regula Sancti Benedicti abbatis ad usum Smaragdi Sancti Michaelis abbatis

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CXXII+366 p., 4 colour ill., 155 x 245 mm, 2017
ISBN: 978-2-503-57276-5
Languages: Latin, English
HardbackHardback
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Retail price: EUR 275,00 excl. tax
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The Glosae de diuersis doctoribus collectae in regula S. Benedicti abbatis is a unique source for analyzing how scholars contextualized and read the text chosen to guide Carolingian monastic reforms. The Glosae consists of two parts, a catena-glossary of ca. 1100 elementary terms of the Regula Benedicti, and a florilegium of more than 360 extracts from a wide range of biblical and patristic texts. Both the glossary and the florilegium follow closely the chapters of the Regula Benedicti. Especially the glossary indicates that the Regula had a curious double function of a text to be studied and a text that was used as a tool for learning Latin. Moreover, the glossary is one of the earliest witnesses to the popularity of the Liber Glossarum in the early ninth century. Like the Liber Glossarum, the Glosae testifies to that remarkable Carolingian spirit of ordering, correcting, preserving, and renewing ancient wisdom. Both the glossary and the florilegium have been used by Smaragdus of St-Mihiel (d. c. 827), the chief monastic reformer of his generation, for the Expositio in regulam Sancti Benedicti – the oldest and best known commentary to the Rule. The florilegium of the Glosae is structured in a way that is similar to Benedict of Aniane’s Concordia Regularum, a work that juxtaposes the Regula Benedicti with other monastic rules. The Glosae provides a counter model to the Concordia’s normative understanding of the Regula Benedicti by contextualizing it with ascetical, doctrinal, exegetic and pastoral texts. 

Matthieu van der Meer received his Ph.D. in philosophy at the Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Netherlands (2006) and is currently Assistant Professor of Classics at the Department of Languages, Literatures and Linguistics at Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY.
Review

"This new edition of the Glosae is a monumental achievement of Benedictine scholarship that will endure for generations. It is sure to advance future research on the reception history of the Regula Benedicti, the modes of instruction by which new monks learned its principles, and the meaning of this fundamental work in the context of the Carolingian reforms of monastic life. Given the importance of the Regula Benedicti in the western tradition, it is shocking that this anonymous commentary has gone unnoticed for long, so we are in debt to van der Meer not only for bringing it to light in this painstaking and valuable contribution to monastic studies but also for reminding us that the future of early medieval scholarship lies in the undiscovered country of the thousands of manuscripts produced in western Europe in the ninth century."

(Scott G. Bruce, in The Medieval Review, 17.12.21)

Series Branch:
Corpus Christianorum
Corpus Christianorum Medieval Latin Series
Corpus Christianorum Continuatio Mediaevalis
Interest Classification:
Religion (including History of Religion) & Theology
Christian Theology & Theologians
Scholastic (c. 1200-1500)
Classics, Ancient History, Oriental Studies
Latin literature
Medieval Latin literature

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