Slavery and the Slave Trade in the Eastern Mediterranean (c. 1000–1500 CE)
, C. Cluse (eds.)
approx. 500 p., 1 b/w ill., 5 b/w tables, 156 x 234 mm, 2017
Languages: English, French
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A comprehensive collection of innovative studies on slavery and the slave trade in the eastern Mediterranean during the Middle Ages.
Slavery was an important component of medieval life, certainly so in the Mediterranean basin and nearby lands. Muslims, Christians and Jews all owned slaved, and slave traders hailed from a variety of locations across the region. Slaves entered the Mediterranean from the Black Sea basin and the nearby steppes and as local prisoners of war and captives of raiding, as well as from Bilad al-Sudan, the “Land of the Blacks” stretching across Sub-Saharan Africa. In the Eastern Mediterranean of the later Middle Ages, many slaves were employed in domestic work, and only occasionally in farming or other forms of production. In the Islamic countries of this region we also find military slaves, mostly of Turkish origin hailing from the Eurasian Steppes, and generally known as Mamluks. This volume contains innovative studies that look at various aspects of slavery and the slave trade in the Eastern Mediterranean between about 1000–1500 CE: overviews of slavery in the different religious traditions, examinations of the role of the Italian merchant cities – mainly Venice and Genoa – in this trade, the nature of Mamluk military slavery and aspects of the commerce in these so-called slave soldiers.
Table of Contents
Reuven Amitai is Eliyahu Elath Professor of Islamic History at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. His latest books are 'Holy War and Rapprochement: Studies in the Relations between the Mamluk Sultanate and the Mongol Ilkhanate' (1260-1335) (Brepols 2013) and 'Nomads as Agents of Cultural Change: The Mongols and Their Eurasian Predecessors', co-edited with Michal Biran (University of Hawai'i Press 2015).
Christoph Cluse is Senior Researcher and Research Coordinator at the Arye Maimon Institute of Jewish History, Trier University. He is the editor of 'The Jews of Europe in the Middle Ages (Tenth to Fifteenth Centuries)' (Turnhout: Brepols, 2004).
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Slavery and the Slave Trade in the Eastern Mediterranean (c. 1000–1500 CE): Introduction (Christoph Cluse and Reuven Amitai)
Part One: Religious and Cultural Contexts
Crusading and Latin-Muslim Contacts in the Eastern Mediterranean: the Religious, Diplomatic and Juridical Frameworks and their Implications for the Study of the Slave Trade (Norman Housley)
Slavery in Islam: Legal Norms and Social Practice (Kurt Franz)
The Slave Trade in the Geniza Society (Miriam Frenkel)
Slavery and the Slave Trade in Byzantium in the Palaeologan Period (Johannes Pahlitzsch)
Part Two: The Mamluk Phenomenon
Some Notes Concerning the Trade and Education of Slave-Soldiers during the Mamluk Era (Yehoshua Frenkel)
The Early Experience of the Mamluk in the First Period of the Mamluk Sultanate (1250–1382 CE) (Amir Mazor)
Part Three: Latins in the Eastern Slave Trade
Slavery in the Latin Mediterranean (Thirteenth to Fifteenth Centuries): The Case of Genoa (Michel Balard)
The Venetian Involvement in the Black Sea Slave Trade (14th to 15th Centuries) (Danuta Quirini-Popławska)
Differentiated Legality: Venetian Slave Trade in Alexandria (Georg Christ)
The Catalan Company and the Slave Trade (Ernest Marcos Hierro)
Le transport des esclaves dans le monde méditerranéen médiéval (Michel Balard)
Caffa and the Slave Trade during the First Half of the Fifteenth Century (Annika Stello)
Part Four: A New Look at the Ehrenkreutz Thesis
Between the Slave Trade and Diplomacy: Some Aspects of Early Mamluk Policy in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea (Reuven Amitai)
The Nature and Role of the Slave Traders in the Eastern Mediterranean during the Third Reign of Sultan al-Nāṣir Muḥammad b. Qalāwūn (1310–1341 CE) (Jenia Yudkevich)
The Role of the Slave Trade in the De recuperanda Treatises around 1300 (Christoph Cluse)