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J. Olszowy-Schlanger
Hebrew and Hebrew-Latin Documents from Medieval England: A Diplomatic and Palaeographical Study

846 p., 26 b/w ill. + 562 colour ill., 3 b/w tables, 305 x 440 mm, 2016
ISBN: 978-2-503-55101-2
Languages: English, Hebrew, Latin
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Hebrew and Hebrew-Latin Documents from Medieval England is a new commented facsimile edition of the documents with Hebrew script written in England before the expulsion of the Jews in 1290.

Hebrew and Hebrew-Latin Documents from Medieval England: A Diplomatic and Palaeographical Study is a new facsimile edition of the entire known corpus of legal and administrative documents containing Hebrew script, produced in England before the expulsion of the Jews in 1290. In addition to the illustrated edition and study of 258 charters on parchment and 58 wooden tallies with Hebrew inscriptions, this book provides fresh insights into the historical, legal and administrative background of the documents' production and use, and their external diplomatic and palaeographical features. Throughout the book, the documents are portrayed as a meeting point between Jewish and non-Jewish legal and intellectual traditions.

Some sample pages can be downloaded by clicking here.

Judith Olszowy-Schlanger, PhD, Cambridge (1995), is Professor of Hebrew Manuscript Studies at the École Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Sciences historiques et philologiques and an associate researcher at the Hebrew section of the IRHT, Paris. Her main research interests are medieval Hebrew diplomatics and palaeography, Cairo Genizah studies, as well as scholarly contacts between Jewish and non-Jewish cultures.
Table of Contents

Preface by Colette Sirat
Acknowledgements
Note on coins and measures
Glossary of Hebrew and Latin legal terms
Glossary of frequent palaeographical terms
List of Hebrew abbreviations

 

Part I : History, legal status and production of Hebrew documents in medieval England
1. English Jews and their documents in the Middle Ages
1.1 Overview
1.2 Historical background
1.3 Hebrew documents in their legal and administrative contexts of production
1.3.1 Legal and administrative status of English Jews
1.3.2 The archae and the Exchequer of the Jews
1.4 Competences of Jewish and non-Jewish courts
1.4.1 ‘Embedded’ autonomy
1.4.2 Jewish courts
1.5 Who wrote the Hebrew documents of our corpus ?

2. The corpus and its edition
2.1 Libraries and archives
2.2 History of research and previous publications
2.3 The corpus of documents
2.4 Tallies
2.4.1 Jewish tallies in England
2.4.2 Tallies with Hebrew inscriptions

3. External characteristics of the documents
3.1.1 Writing materials
3.1.2 Formats and sizes
3.1.3 Page layout
3.1.3.1 Pricking and ruling
3.1.3.2 Layout of the text on the parchment sheet
3.1.3.3 Justification
3.1.4 Means of authentication
3.1.4.1 Signatures
3.1.4.2 Chirographs
3.1.4.3 Seals
3.1.5 Hebrew extra-textual inscriptions
3.1.6 Archiving documents
3.1.7 Means of cancellation
3.2 Tallies

4. The palaeographical study: scripts, styles and scribes
4.1 The importance of writing in Hebrew
4.2 Personal versus professional writing
4.3 Hebrew script in England
4.3.1 The style: square versus documentary
4.3.2 The type of script
4.4 Handwriting
4.4.1 How were the documents written ?
4.4.2 Some exceptional scribes
4.4.2.1 Scribes from Norwich
4.4.2.2 Scribes from Nottingham
4.4.2.3 Scribe from Nottingham and Lincoln
4.4.2.4 Scribes from Canterbury
4.4.2.5 Scribe from Canterbury and Lincoln
4.4.3 Palaeographical study: conclusions

5. The languages of the documents: linguistic features and interfaith contacts
5.1 Multilingualism of Jewish legal contracts in England
5.2 The Hebrew of the Jewish documents from England
5.2.1 Grammatical features
5.2.1.1 Morphology
5.2.1.2 Syntax
5.2.2 Vocabulary
5.2.2.1 Hebrew and Aramaic
5.2.2.2 Anglo-French
5.2.2.3 Latin
5.2.2.4 English
5.2.3 Spelling of vernacular words
5.2.3.1 Consonants
5.2.3.2 Vowels

6. Legal transactions: their typology and formulae
6.1 Real estate
6.1.1 Sale
6.1.1.1 Sale alone
6.1.1.2 Sale of property preceded by remittance of the rights to this property by a third party
6.1.1.3 Sale preceded by a court decision concerning the ownership rights derived from the ketubbah
6.1.1.4 Sale preceded by donation
6.1.2 Remittance
6.1.3 Settlement of ownership by a widow
6.1.4 Donation
6.1.5 Building permission/concession
6.1.6 Division of property
6.1.7 Lease
6.1.8 Settlement of conflict over a party wall
6.1.9 Declaration of guarantees in a sale of land
6.2 Trade in money
6.2.1 Acknowledgement of debts
6.2.1.1 Loans to Christians
6.2.1.2 Inter-Jewish loans
6.2.2 Quitclaims
6.2.3 Receipts
6.2.4 Settlements concerning reimbursement
6.2.5 Licentiae
6.2.6 Business letters
6.2.7 Partnership in the ownership of debts
6.2.8 Assignment of debts
6.2.8.1 Sale of debts
6.2.8.2 Donation of debts
6.2.9 Sale of rent
6.3 Family matters
6.3.1 Shiddukhin
6.3.2 Grant of the rights to dwell in a house
6.3.3 Maintenance settlement
6.4 Administrative documents
6.4.1 Records of bonds
6.4.2 Inquests
6.5 Hebrew and Latin formulae in contact

Part II : The edition
Editorial norms
Charters : n° I – 258
Tallies : n° I – LVIII

Appendix I Chronological list of documents
Appendix II List of documents according to their place and date

Index of names
General index
Index of manuscripts

Bibliography

Series Branch:
Monumenta Palaeographica Medii Aevi
Monumenta Palaeographica Medii Aevi : Series Hebraica
Monumenta Palaeographica Medii Aevi : Series Hebraica: Cartae hebraicis litteris exaratae quo tempore scriptae fuerint exhibentes
Interest Classification:
Book History, Manuscript Studies & Palaeography
Palaeography, Scripts & Manuscript Studies
Ancient & Oriental scripts & manuscripts
Semitic & Arabic scripts & manuscripts

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