This book undertakes an interdisciplinary investigation of ideas of uncertainty, relativism, and scepticism in the Middle Ages.
What are the forms in which later medieval thinkers articulate epistemological scepticism, relativism, and doubt? Is it possible to voice different forms of uncertainty in different institutional contexts and languages? Bringing together specialists in philosophy, theology, history, and literature, this book undertakes an interdisciplinary investigation of some of the ways in which the problem of knowledge was explored in the Middle Ages. This is a topic of central intellectual importance and has large cultural consequences. The Middle Ages are often still treated by non-medievalists as a time of naive epistemological self-confidence, and we hope that ultimately this revisionist project will have impact beyond medieval studies, illustrating the extent to which this was a period in which many thinkers were intrigued by, and comfortable with, uncertainty.
Introduction: The Varieties of Uncertainty — NICOLETTE ZEEMAN , KANTIK GHOSH , and DALLAS G. DENERY II
Uncertainty and Deception in the Medieval and Early Modern Court — DALLAS G. DENERY II
New Standards for Certainty: Early Receptions of Aristotle’s Posterior Analytics — EILEEN C. SWEENEY
Can We Trust our Senses? Fourteenth-Century Debates on Sensory Illusions — DOMINIK PERLER
How Is it Possible to Believe Falsely? John Buridan, the Vetula, and the Psychology of Error — CHRISTOPHE GRELLARD
Living with Uncertainty: Reactions to Aristotle’s Rhetoric in the Later Middle Ages — RITA COPELAND
Uncertainty in the Study of the Bible — LESLEY SMITH
On Recognizing the Limits of Our Understanding: Medieval Debates about Merlin and Marvels — KAREN SULLIVAN
The Merits of Not Knowing: The Paradox of ‘Espoir certain’ in Late Medieval French Narrative Poetry — HELEN SWIFT
Philosophy in Parts: Jean de Meun, Chaucer, and Lydgate — NICOLETTE ZEEMAN
Vernacular Opinions — MISHTOONI BOSE
Logic, Scepticism, and ‘Heresy’ In Early Fifteenth-Century Europe: Oxford, Vienna, Constance — KANTIK GHOSH
Laughter and Deception: Holcot and Chaucer Remain Cheerful — HESTER GOODENOUGH GELBER
Medieval Bêtise: Internal Senses and Second Skins in Richard de Fournival’s Bestiaire d’amours — SARAH KAY