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Crisis in the Later Middle Ages
Beyond the Postan–Duby Paradigm

J. Drendel (ed.)
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XII+368 p., 10 b/w ill., 23 b/w tables, 1 b/w line art, 156 x 234 mm, 2015
ISBN: 978-2-503-54742-8
Languages: English, French
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Online content: http://www.brepolsonline.net/doi/book/10.1484/M.TMC.5.107646

A critical appraisal of the influence exerted by Malthusian explanations of crisis in the early fourteenth century in the work of Michael Postan and Georges Duby.

These papers are taken from the first of a series of five international conferences devoted to the European conjuncture in 1300. They examine the enduring influence of Michael Postan’s Malthusian model of economic crisis, and in particular the impact upon non-English speaking historians of Postan’s ideas as interpreted by Georges Duby. Through both historiographical essays and original research, the authors reinterpret the later medieval crisis on the continent and in Britain. The vision they express is of a medieval society in which economic, political, and social threads wove together town and country in a complex web extending to the furthest reaches of the ‘margin’, in the highlands of the Mediterranean and on the heaths of England. In order to understand the later medieval crisis, our attention must shift to how individuals negotiated and manoeuvred among institutions of exchange, power, and culture in their bewildering complexity rather than focus upon the modelling of reified factors.

Table of Contents

 

Introduction — JOHN DRENDEL

Commercialization, Stagnation, and Crisis, 1250–1350 — RICHARD BRITNELL

Medieval Small Towns and the Late Medieval Crisis — CHRISTOPHER DYER

The Long Thirteenth Century: An Era of Schumpeterian Growth? — JOHN LANGDON

M. M. Postan and the Peasant Economy —PHILLIPP SCHOFIELD

Historians and Peasant Agency: Studies of Late Medieval English Peasants — ANNE DEWINDT

‘Money Matters’: A Critique of the Postan Thesis on Medieval Population, Prices, and Wages — JOHN MUNRO

The Family or the Farm: A Sophie’s Choice? The Late Medieval Crisis in Flanders — ERIK THOEN and TIM SOENS

Le destin heuristique d’une histoire de la panique. La Crise en Provence au Moyen Âge finissant: Jalons historiographiques pour le xive siècle — THIERRY PÉCOUT

De nouveaux chemins de développement dans le Languedoc d’avant la peste — MONIQUE BOURIN

Quand le bâtiment va … Une facette des rapports ville-campagne: Le Marché des matériaux — PHILIPPE BERNARDI

Réflexions sur la condition des travailleurs au cours du xive siècle à Marseille — FRANCINE MICHAUD

Les capbreus royaux roussillonnais et la crise malthusienne — LAURE VERDON

Cistercian Agriculture in Female Houses of Northern France, 1200–1300 — CONSTANCE H. BERMAN

Review

“As well as containing some very good individual contributions, the collection has more general strengths. It is particularly valuable in bringing together work on England and on southern France, two very different regions that can be fruitfully compared.” (Chris Briggs, in The Medieval Review, 16.06.05)

"Zusammenfassend kann man sagen, dass die auf eine mikro- und regionalökonomische Perspektive ausgerichteten Beiträge anhand ihrer erfreulichen Quellennähe das Konjunkturmodell von Postan und Duby überprüft und nuanciert haben. Die Beiträge richten die Aufmerksamkeit darauf, dass die Konjunkturrhythmen nicht einfach nur der langsam dahinfließende Fluss sind, der die Wirtschaft langfristig stabilisierte oder destabilisierte, sondern dass die Konjunkturen regional sehr unterschiedlich ausfallen konnten und dass vor allem die Menschen der konjunkturellen Dynamik mit einer großen Bandbreite an Strategien begegnet sind. Hinter den Krisengeschichte(n) stehen auch Erfolgsgeschichten, zu deren Erforschung hoffentlich weitere Studien beitragen werden." (Nils Bock, in: Francia-Recensio 2017/1 | Mittelalter - Moyen Âge (500-1500) | ISSN: 2425-3510 | http://www.perspectivia.net/publikationen/francia/francia-recensio/2017-1/ma/drendel_bock)

Interest Classification:
Social Sciences
Medieval & Renaissance History (c.400-1500)
Medieval European history (400-1500) : main subdisciplines
Social & economic history
Medieval European history (400-1500) : local & regional history
Medieval History (400-1500) : subperiods
Late Middle Ages (c.1300-1500)

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