To situate religious controversy is to locate it within networks of human, material, and geographical mediations.
This book gathers new work by scholars who share a common interest not only in the controversial texts of the period between 1378 and 1536, but also in how the use, geographical movement, and manipulation of texts contributed materially to the formation of groups and group identities. The period covered spans the traditional medieval/early modern divide and the concomitant transition from manuscript to print. The years between the eruption of the Great Schism and the outbreak of European reformations witnessed unprecedented rifts in communities, institutions, and alliances. Yet while the crises of this period gave rise to division, they also prompted new groups to coalesce, resulting in realignments of communication networks, readership, and textual circulation in Europe. The Councils of Constance and Basel facilitated the production and dissemination of vast quantities of documents. Movements challenging the Roman Church and efforts to reform the Church from within provoked a torrent of persuasive and polemical writings which gained further momentum with the introduction of printing. These new situations also fostered the development and expression of group identities, defined by doctrine, opposition, vernacularity, and a burgeoning sense of national self-consciousness. Religious Controversy in Europe, 1378–1536 examines the textual and material circumstances of these developments.
Introduction: Textual Controversies, Textual Communities - Michael Van Dussen and Pavel Soukup
Academic Circles: Universities and Exchanges of Information and Ideas in the Age of the Great Schism - R. N. Swanson
Opera omnia: Collecting Wyclif ’s Works in England and Bohemia - Anne Hudson
Textual Transmission, Variance, and Religious Identity among Lollard Pastoralia - Fiona Somerset
Verses on the Effects of the Eucharist: Memory and the Material Text in Utraquist Miscellanies - Lucie Doležalová
The Council of Basel and Distribution Patterns of the Works of Jean Gerson - Daniel Hobbins
Wandering Heretics, Wandering Manuscripts: The Case of the Waldenses (Fifteenth to Seventeenth Centuries) - Marina Benedetti
Aristotle’s Tetragon: Compilation and Consensus during the Great Schism - Michael Van Dussen
The Anti-Waldensian Treatise Cum dormirent homines: Historical Context, Polemical Strategy, and Manuscript Tradition - Georg Modestin
Theology goes to the Vernaculars: Jan Hus, ‘On simony’, and the Practice of Translation in Fifteenth‑Century Bohemia - Pavlína Rychterová
‘Pars Machometica’ in Early Hussite Polemics: The Use and Background of an Invective - Pavel Soukup
University-Learning, Theological Method, and Heresy in Fifteenth-Century England - Kantik Ghosh
Philological Practice and Religious Controversy: Erasmus, Critical Reader of the Vulgate and Patristic Texts - Marie Barral-Baron