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Europa Sacra (ES 6)

Faith’s Boundaries
Laity and Clergy in Early Modern Confraternities

N. Terpstra, A. Prosperi, S. Pastore (eds.)
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X+396 p., 12 b/w ill., 11 b/w line art, 156 x 234 mm, 2012
ISBN: 978-2-503-53893-8
Languages: English, Latin
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Retail price: EUR 100,00 excl. tax
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Online content: http://www.brepolsonline.net/action/showBook?doi=10.1484%2FM.ES-EB.5.106026
This volume explores how the relationship between confraternities and the clergy negotiated the boundaries of religious space in the late medieval and early modern periods.

Who owns the spaces of religion? Does the question matter, or even make sense? Modern distinctions between sacred and secular spheres tend to assume that clergy dominate the former, and lay people the latter. A man or woman living in the early modern period might not have been so sure. They would have thought more immediately of things of heaven and things of earth, and would have seen each as the concern of clergy and laity alike. Faith’s boundaries, while real, were very porous. This collection offers the first sustained comparative examination of lay–clerical relations in confraternities through the late medieval and early modern periods. It shows how laity and clergy debated, accommodated, resolved, or deflected the key issues of gender, race, politics, class, and power. The sixteen essays are organized into six sections that consider different aspects of the function of confraternities as social spaces where laity and clergy met, mediated, and sometimes competed and fought. They cover a period historically when kinship was a dominant metaphor in religious life and when kinship groups like confraternities were dominant models in religious institutions. They deal with Catholic, Jewish, and Islamic confraternities, and range geographically from Europe to the Middle East, Central and South Asia, and Latin America.

Table of Contents

Boundaries of Brotherhood: Laity and Clergy in the Social Spaces of Religion — NICHOLAS TERPSTRA

Part I. Confraternities and Comunitas: Politics, Charity, and Civic Religion

Civic Hospitals, Local Identity, and Regional States in Early Modern Italy — DANIEL BORNSTEIN 

Delegated Charity: Confraternities between City, Nations, and Curia in Late Medieval Rome — ANNA ESPOSITO

Confraternities, Citizenship, and Factionalism: Genoa in the Early Sixteenth Century — CARLO TAVIANI

Between Devotion and Politics: Marian Confraternities in Renaissance Parma — CRISTINA CECCHINELLI

Part II. Texts & Contexts: The Case of Florence

The Plea for Lay Bibles in Fourteenth- and Fifteenth-Century Tuscany: The Role of Confraternities — SABRINA CORBELLINI

Preaching, Brotherhoods, and Biblical Literacy: The Case of Pietro Bernardo of Florence — PETER HOWARD

Machiavelli and Confraternities: Oratory and Parody — OLGA ZORZI PUGLIESE

Part III. Kinship, Civil Society, and Social Capital

Bonding or Bridging Social Capital? The Evolution of Brabantine Fraternities during the Late Medieval and the Early Modern Period — MAARTEN F. VAN DIJCK

Negotiating Charity, Politics, and Religion in the Colonial Philippines: The Brotherhood of the Misericordia of Manila (1594–1780s) — JUAN O. MESQUIDA

Part IV. Kinship and the Politics of Devotion in Islam and Judaism

Islamic Brotherhoods in Sixteenth‑Century Central Asia: The Dervish, the Sultan, and the Sufi Mirror for Princes — ALEXANDRE PAPAS

Kabbalistic Innovation in Jewish Confraternities in the Early Modern Mediterranean — RONI WEINSTEIN

Part V. Mediating Difference: Race, Gender, and Kinship

Confraternal Community as a Vehicle for Jewish Female Agency in Eighteenth-Century Italy — FEDERICA FRANCESCONI

Native Brotherhoods and Visual Culture in Colonial Quito (Ecuador): The Confraternity of the Rosary — SUSAN VERDI WEBSTER

Part VI. Boundary Disputes:Laity, Clergy, and Conflict

Revolutionary Flagellants? Clerical Perceptions of Flagellant Brotherhoods in Late Medieval Flanders and Italy — GAVIN HAMMEL

Beyond Crisis: Confraternities in Modern Italy between the Church and Lay Society — DANILO ZARDIN

‘Such a despotic rule’: Confraternities and the Parish in Eighteenth-Century Paris and Milan — DAVID GARRIOCH

Review

"(...) the volume is a valuable contribution to the scholarly study of the confraternities in general and of lay-clerical relations in particular. Much of the material is fresh from the archives, and thus immensely helpful to specialists." (Max Harris, in: Sixteenth Century Journal, Vol. XLV/4, 2014, p. 1044)

“Many of the contributions in this volume are close, convincingly argued interpretations of archival material. As a collection, they lay groundwork that will be of interest to researchers of confraternal studies and lay devotion more generally.” (Kathleen Olive, in Parergon, 33/1, 2016, p. 249)

Interest Classification:
Religion (including History of Religion) & Theology
Comparative religion & religions not otherwise listed
Comparative religion
Christian Church : laity & heterodoxy
Judaism
Islam
Social Sciences
Education
Schools
Classics, Ancient History, Oriental Studies
Ancient history & archaeology: Africa & Asia
China & East Asia
Medieval & Renaissance History (c.400-1500)
Medieval European history (400-1500) : main subdisciplines
Religious history
Medieval European history (400-1500) : local & regional history
Low Countries
Italian Peninsula
Medieval History (400-1500) : subperiods
Late Middle Ages (c.1300-1500)
Modern History (1501 to the present)
Early modern history (1501-1800) : main subdisciplines
Religious history
Early modern European history (1501-1800) : local & regional history
Italian Peninsula

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