This volume takes as its focus the paradoxical double-bind of textuality and visuality in the culture of the high and late Middle Ages and early modernity. In a series of case studies contributors explore the historical and theoretical implications of the idea that texts and images alike ‘speak to the eye’.
Some scholars have proclaimed the coming of a ‘visual turn’ to explain the boom in conferences, books, and even specialized journals that take as their topic the theoretical or historical study of visual culture. The notion of visual culture may seem self-evident, not merely from our own twenty-first-century perspective but also when applied to earlier periods of western European history. However, the nature and status of the visual media, as well as the ways in which these were received, experienced, and appropriated, underwent several major changes between
the twelfth and the seventeenth centuries.
Contemporary sources describe and define the experience of reading texts and images as involving a mixture of visual and aural impulses that address both the inner eye and the outer senses. This volume sets out explicitly to investigate the specific, sensuous nature of this experience. It also addresses the question of whether, and if so to what extent and in which ways, this ‘reading experience’ was engendered.
The Mediating Power of Images and Texts: The Dynamics of Sight and Insight in Medieval and Early Modern Literature and Art — Veerle Fraeters and Jürgen Pieters
Image of Thought: Hugh of Saint-Victor and Richard of Saint-Victor on Thinking — Ineke van’t Spijker
Part One: Spiritual Vision
Seeing and Knowing, Reading and Imagining in the Liber divinorum operum by Hildegard of Bingen — María Eugenia Góngora
The Appearance of Queen Reason: Construction and Pragmatics of the Imagery in Vision 9 of Hadewijch — Veerle Fraeters
How Gendered was Clairvoyance in the Thirteenth Century? The Case of Simon of Aulne — Jeroen Deploige
Part Two: Text and Image Interactions
Visualizing the Spiritual: Images in the Life and Teachings of Henry Suso (c. 1295–1366) — José van Aelst
Programming Women’s Prayer: Textual and Pictorial Components in Middle Dutch Psalters — Youri Desplenter
The Cloaked Lady of Floreffe: Allegorizing Monastic History in the Fifteenth-Century Chronique de Floreffe — Steven Vanderputten
Part Three: Agency of Pictures
Nourished by Inwardness: The Beato Chiarito Tabernacle (c. 1340) — Barbara Baert
The Diptych of the Lentulus Letter: Building Textual and Visual Evidence for Christ’s Appearance — Stijn Bussels
Groaning Paintings and Weeping Viewers: A Gellian Perspective on Visual Persuasion — Caroline van Eck
Reading Blindly: Huygens in the Wake of Augustine — Lise Gosseye and Jürgen Pieters
"This is a fascinating and varied collection that tracks shifting understandings of the uses of images from the medieval to the early modern period. The range of scholarship and ideas makes this a valuable collection, which highlights the importance of studying medieval and early modern visual culture." (Judith Collard, in: Parergon, 32.1, 2015, p. 240-241)