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Carolingian Scholarship and Martianus Capella
Ninth-Century Commentary Traditions on 'De nuptiis' in Context

M. Teeuwen, S. O'Sullivan (eds.)
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XI+393 p., 18 b/w ill., 2 b/w line art, 156 x 234 mm, 2011
ISBN: 978-2-503-53178-6
Languages: English
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Online content: http://brepols.metapress.com/content/k34780/
An exploration of the Carolingian fascination with the writing of the African Martianus Capella, whose work reflected the pagan world of ancient gods and myths familiar to its fifth-century author.

It is well known that the Carolingian royal family inspired and promoted a cultural revival of great consequence. The courts of Charlemagne and his successors welcomed lively gatherings of scholars who avidly pursued knowledge and learning, while education became a booming business in the great monastic centres, which were under the protection of the royal family. Scholarly emphasis was placed upon Latin language, religion, and liturgy, but the works of classical and late antique authors were collected, studied, and commented upon with similar zeal. A text that was read by ninth-century scholars with an almost unrivalled enthusiasm is Martianus Capella’s De nuptiis Philologiae et Mercurii, a late antique encyclopedia of the seven liberal arts embedded within a mythological framework of the marriage between Philology (learning) and Mercury (eloquence). Several ninth-century commentary traditions testify to the work’s popularity in the ninth century. Martianus’s text treats a wide range of secular subjects, including mythology, the movement of the heavens, numerical speculation, and the ancient tradition on each of the seven liberal arts. De nuptiis and its exceptionally rich commentary traditions provide the focus of this volume, which addresses both the textual material found in the margins of De nuptiis manuscripts, and the broader intellectual context of commentary traditions on ancient secular texts in the early medieval world.

 

Table of Contents
  • List of Illustrations
  • List of Abbreviations
  • List of Sigla
  • Introduction - MARIKEN TEEUWEN
  • Writing between the Lines: Reflections of Scholarly Debate in a Carolingian Commentary Tradition - MARIKEN TEEUWEN
  • The Stemmatic Relationship between the Manuscripts Transmitting the Oldest Gloss Tradition - SINÉAD O’SULLIVAN
  • Quadrivial Reasoning and Allegorical Revelation: ‘Meta-knowledge’ and Carolingian Approaches to Knowing - CALVIN M. BOWER
  • On Early Medieval Divisions of Knowledge - ANNELI LUHTALA
  • Obscurity, Pagan Lore, and Secrecy in Glosses on Books I–II from the Oldest Gloss Tradition - SINÉAD O’SULLIVAN
  • Perceptions of the Past in Ninth-Century Commentaries on Martianus Capella - NATALIA LOZOVSKY
  • Questions and Observations Based on Transcribing the Commentary on Books IV and V, Dialectic and Rhetoric - MARY GARRISON
  • Quelques thèmes récurrents dans les gloses du ‘plus ancien commentaire’ sur Martianus Capella VII (manuscrit de Leyde, VLF 48) - JEAN YVES-GUILLAUMIN
  • The Power of Diagrams: The Place of the Anonymous Commentary in the Development of Carolingian Astronomy and Cosmology - BRUCE S. EASTWOOD
  • Martianus and the Traditions of Early Medieval Astronomies - STEPHEN C. MCCLUSKEY
  • Eriugena’s Commentary on Martianus in the Framework of his Thought and the Philosophical Debate of his Time - ILARIA RAMELLI
  • ‘Heed that saying of Terence’: On the Use of Terence in Radbert’s Epitaphium Arsenii - MAYKE DE JONG
  • The Scholica graecarum glossarum and Martianus Capella - PATRIZIA LENDINARA
  • Counting the Heads of the Hydra: The Development of the Early Medieval Commentary on Boethius’s Consolation of Philosophy - MALCOLM GODDEN AND ROHINI JAYATILAKA

Index of Manuscripts

Index of Names

Index of Works

List of Contributors

 

Review

"(...) this is an important volume that offers numerous insights into the richness, complexity, and occasional brilliance of Carolingian scholarship.  Thanks to the editors and contributors we know a great deal more about the Oldest Gloss Tradition and its makeup.  The collection deserves to be read by every student of Carolingian intellectual history."

 

Michael Herren, York University and the University of Toronto in: The Medieval Review, 02.12.12

 

 

Interest Classification:
Book History, Manuscript Studies & Palaeography
Philosophy
Early Medieval Philosophy (c. 650-1200)
Medieval & Modern (Indo-European) Languages & Literatures
Literary theory
Literature : general anthologies, encyclopaedias, serial publications, reference works
Medieval & Renaissance History (c.400-1500)
Medieval History (400-1500) : subperiods
Merovingian & Carolingian period

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