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C. Moreschini
Hermes Christianus
The Intermingling of Hermetic Piety and Christian Thought

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XII+306 p., 156 x 234 mm, 2011
ISBN: 978-2-503-52960-8
Languages: English, Latin
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Retail price: EUR 95,00 excl. tax
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This new study concerns a form of Christian esotericism that attempted to reconcile Christianity with a late antique model of devotion.

Hermetic theosophy, originally an offspring of Egyptian religion, spread throughout the ancient world from the Hellenistic age onwards and was welcomed by Christianity in Late Antiquity. Cultivated people in a Christian milieu were convinced that Hermetic piety and religion were the preparation, expressed by heathen imagery, of their own faith: Hermes, a wise and pious philosopher in Egypt in the time of Moses, received (so it was thought) the same revelation which would be manifested 1,000 years later by Christ. At the end of the third century AD, this belief did not perish with the end of the Roman Empire; rather, it was taken up and explored during the French Renaissance of the twelfth century. In the fifteenth century, Italian humanism, supported by the rediscovery of Greek language and literature, promoted a fresh new evaluation of the ancient Hermetic texts which continued to be considered and studied as pre-Christian documents. In the sixteenth century, new interpretations of Christian Hermetism were explored until this connection between pagan and Christian was increasingly criticized by scholars who argued that Hermetism was neither as ancient as was thought nor as close to Christianity. The theory was abandoned in scientific milieux from the seventeenth century onwards, whereas Hermetic theosophy, on the contrary, survived in esoteric circles.

Table of Contents


Translator’s Note

Chapter 1. Philosophical Hermetic Literature

Chapter 2. Late Antique Christian Hermetism

Chapter 3. Between Latin West and Byzantine East

Chapter 4. The Rebirth of Greek Hermetism in Italy: Marsilio Ficino and Ludovico Lazzarelli

Chapter 5. Prolegomena to François Foix-Candale’s Commentary on the Pimander

Chapter 6. Sixteenth-Century Representatives of Italian Hermetism

Chapter 7. Discovering the Hermetic Writings’ True Identity: The Contribution of Isaac Casaubon

Select Bibliography



"Zweifellos handelt es sich um ein facettenreiches und lesenswertes Buch (...)" (Michael Weichenhan, in: Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte, 124.1, 2014, p. 69-71)

«Cette immense synthèse sera très utile aux lecteurs désireux de suivre l’évolution de l’hermétisme au sein du christianisme auquel il doit principalement sa transmission et son succès.» (Fabienne Jourdan, dans la Revue d’études augustiniennes et patristiques, 61, 2015, p. 173)

Interest Classification:
Religion (including History of Religion) & Theology
Ancient & Oriental religions (excl. Judaism & offshoots)
Greek & Roman religions
Christian Theology & Theologians
Reformation & Counterreformation (c. 1300-1648)
Modern History (1501 to the present)
Early modern history (1501-1800) : main subdisciplines
Religious history

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