Tolomeo Fiadoni (1236-1327) was one of the most important
political theorists and historians of the Middle Ages. He was
central to developing a theory for the practices of Northern
Italian republicanism and was hostile to kingship, portraying it as
despotic and inappropriate for virtuous and freedom-loving people.
He was the first writer to compare Aristotle’s examples of
Greek mixed constitutions – Sparta, Crete, and Carthage
– with the Roman Republic, the ancient Hebrew polity, the
Church, and medieval communes, yet he remained a staunch defender
of the absolute secular and spiritual monarchy of the pope.
Blythe explores various tensions in Tolomeo’s work that
are often overlooked in scholarly treatments of him, and which
derive from cultural preconceptions and the diverse influences on
him: Aristotle, Augustine, apologists for papal power, his life in
the Dominican Order, his educational experience with Thomas
Aquinas, and his social position as a member of Northern
Italy’s ruling class. These factors exerted contradictory
influences on Tolomeo and led him to a sometimes unsuccessful
intellectual struggle for consistency. This book is the first
full-length study of Tolomeo’s thought and it gives full
consideration not only to the political writings for which he is
most known, but also to his historical and exegetical works. It is
the companion to The Life and Works of Tolomeo Fiadoni (Ptolemy
"In sum, whatever reason brings scholars to Tolomeo, and regardless of whether all end up agreeing with the finer details of Blythe's arguments, all will be thankful for the accessible and readable works he has given us. They are likely to remain the starting point for future studies of Tolomeo for some time to come."
(Jonathan Robinson, in The Medieval Review, 11.04.06)
"Anyone who studies medieval intellectual history, in particular those who are interested in the relationship between Augustinianism and Aristotelianism or the medieval origins of Renaissance republicanism, cannot afford to miss these works of exemplary historical scholarship."
(Takashi Shogimen, in Parergon 27.2, 2010, p. 209)
"Sie sollten in wissenschaftlichen Bibliotheken vorhanden sein und sind es wert konsultiert zu werden." (J. Miethke, in: Francia Online, 2010/3)