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Corpus Christianorum

Dictionnaire hébreu-latin-français de la Bible hébraïque de l'abbaye de Ramsey (XIIIe s.)

J. Olszowy-Schlanger, A. Grondeux (eds.)
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CXLIV+289 p., 19 colour ill., 230 x 315 mm, 2008
ISBN: 978-2-503-52653-9
Languages: Latin, Hebrew, French
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Retail price: EUR 275,00 excl. tax
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This work constitutes the critical edition and in-depth study of a unique dictionary of Biblical Hebrew written by Christian scholars at Ramsey Abbey in East Anglia, during the third quarter of the 13th century. Each of the Hebrew entries in the dictionary (over three thousand five hundred, alphabetically arranged) has been translated into Latin, as well as Old French (in more than a thousand cases) and also into Middle English (in three cases). These translations are illustrated by quotations from the Vulgate, which are in turn corrected according to the literal meaning of the Hebrew Bible or its Jewish interpretations. Rather than follow the patristic tradition of Hebraism and engage in anti-Jewish polemics, the Christian authors of this exceptional work actually turned to Jewish Rabbinic and Medieval sources, including the Aramaic targumim, midrashim, Rachi’s commentaries, ibn Parhon’s dictionary of Hebrew roots and so on. Building on the grammatical approach of the Spanish school, they elaborated a genuine philological work where the Hebrew Bible was used to correct the Vulgate, and more generally where the knowledge of the Hebrew language served to access and understand the original text of the Bible.

Review

"[...] l'édition du dictionnaire avec ses savantes introductions, ses notes, ses tables et les 19 planches en un beau volume de grand format doit être saluée. On peut être sûr que les imprimeurs n'ont pas non plus ménagé leur peine."

(P.-M. Bogaert, dans Revue bénédictine, 119, 2009, p. 450)

"This edition will be of interest to scholars studying linguistic reference works and language learning, and provides a wonderful example of a thirteenth-century culture of cross-religious scholarship and multilingualism in medieval Britain."

(Eva De Visscher, in The Journal of Medieval Latin, 20, 2010, p. 330)

"Le Dictionnaire restera longtemps le document le plus spectaculaire sur l'étude de l'hébreu en milieu chrétien au Moyen Âge. [...] Cette édition exemplaire contribuera à lui donner la célébrité qu'il mérite."

(B. Grévin, in Studi francesi, 161, 2010)

Series Branch:
Corpus Christianorum
Corpus Christianorum Medieval Latin Series
Lexica Latina Medii Aevi
Nouveau Recueil des Lexiques Latin-Français du Moyen Age
Interest Classification:
Medieval & Modern (Indo-European) Languages & Literatures
Romance languages
French grammars & dictionaries
Classics, Ancient History, Oriental Studies
Latin literature
Medieval Latin literature

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