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Harvey Miller
S. Panayotova, N. J. Morgan
A Catalogue of Western Book Illumination in the Fitzwilliam Museum and the Cambridge Colleges. Part Three: France: Volume One: c. 1000 - c. 1250

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296 p., 382 colour ill., 230 x 330 mm, 2015
ISBN: 978-1-909400-37-5
Languages: English
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This volume contains an impressive range of texts, from Horace (Cat. 17) and Ovid (Cat. 61) to the earliest known copy of the Collectio Lanfranci (Cat. 5) and Gerard of Cremona’s translations of Rasis’ works (Cat. 93). The bulk, however, consists of Bibles of two kinds: imposing glossed books, produced in great numbers in the twelfth-century, and their thirteenth-century successors, the compact pandects. Both categories include some of the most richly illuminated French manuscripts of the period. Among the former are two deluxe sets made for Thomas Becket, the first completed while he was in exile in Pontigny and Sens from 1164 until 1170 (Cat. 27-31), the second edited after his martyrdom by his secretary Herbert of Bosham (Cat. 32-34). The majority of the thirteenth-century Bibles are so-called ‘Paris’ or ‘pocket’ Bibles produced from the 1220s onwards, mostly in Paris, and containing the biblical books in a standard order. They are illuminated in a variety of figure and ornamental styles, some comparable to the Bibles moralisées of c.1220-1240 (e.g. Cat. 72), others bearing no resemblance to them (e.g. Cat. 73). There are also notable exceptions of complete Bibles made not in Paris, but in North-Eastern France or Champagne (e.g. Cat. 70), and displaying iconography, figure styles and order of books different from those found in their better-known Parisian contemporaries. We hope that the inclusion of numerous images in full colour representing Bibles illuminated in all of these different styles will inspire and support further research, especially on the ornamental initials which deserve more attention.

While this volume contains outstanding examples of illumination, notably the work of the itinerant Simon Master (Cat. 46), it also includes books that are modest in artistic terms, but valuable in other ways. Among them is a glossed Ezekiel which boasts one of the finest Romanesque bindings to survive in Cambridge collections, made almost certainly in Paris c.1160-1170 (Cat. 41). Other aesthetically unassuming volumes form important groups of material, for instance, the books assembled by Master Robert Amiclas during his forty years in France and given or sold by him to the Cistercian Abbey of Buildwas in Shropshire (Cat. 20-26, 37).
Review

“(…) this handsome volume provides a welcome introduction to the illuminated French manuscripts in the Fitzwilliam Museum and the Cambridge colleges. Scholars working with these materials will find this book to be a useful resource as their first point of reference. Like other volumes in the series, it boasts an up-to-date bibliography on the scholarship pertaining to individual manuscripts, as well as helpful indices of iconography and ornamental motifs.” (Scott G. Bruce, in Mediaevistik, 29, 2016, p. 450)

« Cette série, qui avance ainsi brillamment, constitue un outil de premier ordre, et qui apporte un matériau exceptionnel sous une forme exemplaire. » (Christian Heck, dans Bulletin Monumental, 175/1, 2017, p. 90)

Interest Classification:
Book History, Manuscript Studies & Palaeography
Library Catalogues : manuscripts
Fine Arts & Performing Arts
Painting
Medieval painting

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